The Importance Of Understanding Rats

Rat infestation is definitely something we hope will never happen in our home. That’s why we should constantly keep a look out for signs of rats in our house. Finding holes on wall or plastics being nibbled are tell tale signs that rats are in your home. The moment you realized that rats are in your home, you need to know how to kill rats quickly to prevent these rodents from multiplying. But before you learn the different ways to kill a rat, you need to understand rats.

What are rats?

RatsRats are small to medium sized rodents, belonging to the super family, Muroidea. Their scientific name is the Rattus. They vary in color from black to brown and have moustache and lengthy tails. Generally, rats die within one year but they are said to live up to 18 months. These rodents are scavengers, which is why they are heavily attracted to food. They have an immense sense of smell, taste and touch that directs them to food sources. They generally reside in holes and human houses. They carry the power to squeeze themselves through holes to reach to their food which makes ordinary people like you and me uncertain on how to kill rats.

They are able to quickly multiply in numbers. They start giving birth from four months of age and have pregnancy period of about 21-23 days. Rats create problems to human by entering houses and eating up food products left uncovered. They spread diseases by carrying pathogens and leaving those at the places of their infestation. They have strong sharp teeth enabling them to chew upon lead, aluminum and even glass. When in large population, they tend to harm daily lives of human beings by munching upon expensive stuff inside the house as well as scattering germs and dirt.

Different types of rats

There are different species of rats around. Most of them look alike but in reality, they are not closely related.  The most common types are the black rats called the Rattus Rattus while the brown rats are known as the Rattus Norvegicus. Apart from them, there are various other species that human knows.

Norway Rats

Brown rats are also known as the Norway rats. It is the most widespread in the world. It is said to show terrestrial behavior and likes to live in earth deep holes. They are comparatively larger in size and have coarse fur over their bodies.

Roof Rats

The other one is the black rats which are very common in the North America. They are also called as the roof rats as they live in the roof and other similar structures. They are climbers and can well reach rafters and roots. They are said to be entered through ships from Asia. They are known to destroy millions of human lives during mid-1300s with the bubonic plague.

Kangaroo Rats

They are said to be distantly related to the Norway Rats. They are wild and are desert animals growing up to a length of 5 inches. They carry food in their mouths and hence named as the Kangaroo Rats. They fill their pouches with food to save it from predators.

Cotton Rats

These are the species of rats that are generally used for experiments in labs because they are proven to be more vulnerable to human pathogens. They are non-aggressive and are used extensively to study various infectious diseases.

Why are rats harmful to us?

Harmful Rats

Health hazards

Rats are harmful because of the deadly pathogens that they spread. They roam everywhere including gutter pipes and bring deadly bacteria to the household. They are known to spread plague like the known ‘Black Death’. The spread goes unseen and yet affects the most. They even bite on human body when one is asleep.

Extremely dangerous for kids

Houses with children and toddlers face the most severe situation by not being able to keep the rats away from the house. Rats can even harm children by using their sharp teeth and thus causing infection in kids.

Difficult to manage the infestation

It is very hard to keep the number of rats in the house minimum. They keep multiplying in numbers and are difficult to catch. Mouse traps and poison tablets help but are not efficient in providing zero population of rats. You need to be sure on how to kill rats so that you can apply the necessary steps to prevent rats from multiplying out of control.

Strong sense to avoid traps

Rats have an unusual sense to eat a bite and check if it’s a trap and then munch on the rest. As such, it is not easy to put poison traps for them.

Economic damage

Big store houses suffer massive economical losses due to infestation by the rodents. The owners need to invest a lot of money in precaution and removal of rodents to save their produce.

What attract rats to your house?

Rats are very much known for being attracted to open food, filthy gutters and dark unused corners. They are secretive and keep themselves away from light and humans. They just like to stay near to source of food and thus, they find human homes and buildings extremely attractive for them to infest in. Food items ranging from vegetables, grains, meat and fish, garbage and gutters are extremely appealing to them. They love to search for rotten goods. If the food is rotting, they rush to the place within minutes. They also like the fruity smell of food. They can even eat food which are meant for other pets.

Food that rats love.

Which part of your house will you usually find them?

Rats love darker places so as to avoid being visible to us. They reside in ceilings, attics, beneath floorboards, dark corners and different unused places of the house. Norway Rats reside in edges of the sidewalks and beneath earth holes. The Roof Rats prefer the ceilings of the house and also different elevated areas. They occupy garbage dumps and garages where unused stuff of the house is kept.

It is very difficult to find exactly where they are residing inside the house. It can only be discovered by following the trails to their dens. They prefer short grasses to move through so that they remain invisible. In addition, we only sense their presence when we get to know about the infestation. The part of the house which becomes damp due to weather and the one which stores unused materials that they can munch upon, and generally the basement, are the most common places that will remain infested by the rodents.